Criminal law refers to the set of legal regulations that control what constitutes a criminal and how the government can prosecute those who commit crimes. When a person fails to follow a specific criminal statute, he or she is committing a criminal conduct. Criminal law is a broad field of practise that encompasses all aspects of crime as a component. Every act or omission that violates an order that gets its authority from the legislative or from a political or religious authority with absolute power over state concerns is deemed a crime. Pakistan has a complex criminal code that, while archaic in some ways, tends to cover all facets of what constitutes a crime. To comprehend Pakistani criminal law, one must first comprehend the country’s sociocultural phenomena. When India was a colony and Pakistan was a part of it, the British Empire introduced much of the current criminal code in Pakistan. Even back then, much attention was taken to analyse social realities, and criminal legislation was attempted to be tailored to the colony’s cultural settings. This is why it was willingly embraced by both India and Pakistan following their independence from the British Empire. The colony’s Code of Criminal Procedure (V of 1898) is still mainly the specified criminal procedure followed by Pakistan’s courts. Similarly, the colony’s Penal Code (XLV of 1860) is still mainly followed in the form of the Pakistan Penal Code. The Supreme Court, as Pakistan’s highest court, has administrative control over the functioning of all criminal courts in the country. When a person is detained for committing a crime, he or she is subjected to a severe trial in the specified criminal court that has jurisdiction in the matter, following an inquiry that must be concluded within 14 days u/Sec. 173 of the Criminal Procedure Code (Cr PC). Under Article 10 of the Pakistani Constitution, a court must allow an alleged offender to appoint defence counsel of his or her choice prior to the start of the trial. Following then, the prosecution has the option to present any evidence it has against the suspected criminal. Within the legal restrictions, the alleged offender’s defence counsel is granted full access to cross-examine and object to the prosecution’s evidence. Despite the fact that prosecution is the state’s responsibility and must be carried out by state-appointed counsels, any person who has been wronged by the offence can select his or her own prosecution counsel in addition to the state counsels who are already obligated to prosecute. Following the conclusion of the prosecution’s case, the presiding Judge asked the alleged criminal a series of questions pursuant to Section 342 of the Criminal Procedure Code. These questions are critical because the presiding Judge offers the suspected criminal the opportunity to explain incriminating evidence against him or her. The accused is also given the opportunity to testify as his own witness. In addition, he or she is given the opportunity to submit documented evidence and witnesses in support of his or her case. The trial is over after the defence evidence is finished, and the Presiding Judge renders his decision. Acquittal or punishment could be the result of the verdict. Both the prosecution and the alleged offender have the right to appeal the trial court’s decision. The appeal is made to the trial court’s immediate superior court.